Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/5938
Título: Performance analysis of pressurized irrigation systems operating on-demand using flow-driven simulation models
Autor: Calejo, M.J.
Lamaddalena, N.
Teixeira, J.L.
Pereira, L.S.
Palavras-chave: irrigation system performance
hydrants characteristics
indexed characteristic curves
relative pressure deficit
steady-state modelling
Data: 2008
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: "Agricultural Water Management". ISSN 0378-3774. 95(2) (2008) 154-162
Resumo: On-demand pressurized irrigation systems are designed to deliver water with the flow rate and pressure required by the farm irrigation systems, sprinkling or micro-irrigation, and respecting the time, duration and frequency decided by the farmers. Due to the variation in farm demand along the season and the day, a large spatial and temporal variability of flow regimes occurs in these systems, which may affect the performance of the farm systems and the yields of the irrigated crops. Therefore, there is a need to analyse those systems to identify and solve performance problems. In this research, two simulation models for the analysis of irrigation systems operating on-demand, ICARE and AKLA, are used and compared to assess the hydraulic performance of the irrigation network of the Lucefecit Irrigation System, in Southern Portugal. ICARE assesses the global performance of the irrigation system through the indexed characteristic curves, while AKLA provides for the identification of the relative pressure deficit and reliability at every hydrant. Both models adopt a flow-driven analysis approach, performing the analysis for multiple flow regimes. To support the hydraulic characterization of the system and for calibration of the steadystate hydraulic model, field measurements were performed at selected nodes of the network, including four hydrants. The analysis with ICARE does not provide for a sufficient identification of problems. In fact, poor performance is indicated when a few hydrants operate below the minimum pressure set at design. Differently, the analysis with AKLA, applied at the hydrant level, shows that the performance of the Lucefecit system is generally acceptable. AKLA identifies which hydrants operate below the required pressure and, therefore, allows to support any eventual related improvement. Results show that the performance of the system highly improved when changing the piezometric elevation from 260 to 265m a.s.l. However, this improvement is not sufficient because three hydrants still have high relative pressure deficit and low reliability. Solutions for those hydrants require increasing diameters of network pipes supplying them.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/5938
ISSN: 0378-3774
Versão do Editor: www.elsevier.com/locate/agwat
Aparece nas colecções:DER - Artigos de Revistas

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