Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/5622
Título: Evaporation and carbonic anhydrase activity recorded in oxygen isotope signatures of net CO2 fluxes from a Mediterranean soil
Autor: Wingate, Lisa
Seibt, Ulli
Maseyk, Kadmiel
Ogée, Jérome
Almeida, Pedro
Yakir, Dan
Pereira, João Santos
Mencuccini, Maurizio
Palavras-chave: atmospheric invasion
carbonic anhydrase
Mediterranean forests
oxygen isotopes
Quercus suber
soil CO2 efflux
soil evaporation
Data: 2008
Editora: Blackwell
Citação: "Global Change Biology". ISSN 1354-1013. 14 (2008) 2178-2193
Resumo: The oxygen stable isotope composition (d18O) of CO2 is a valuable tool for studying the gas exchange between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. In the soil, it records the isotopic signal of water pools subjected to precipitation and evaporation events. The d18O of the surface soil net CO2 flux is dominated by the physical processes of diffusion of CO2 into and out of the soil and the chemical reactions during CO2–H2O equilibration. Catalytic reactions by the enzyme carbonic anhydrase, reducing CO2 hydration times, have been proposed recently to explain field observations of the d18O signatures of net soil CO2 fluxes. How important these catalytic reactions are for accurately predicting large-scale biosphere fluxes and partitioning net ecosystem fluxes is currently uncertain because of the lack of field data. In this study, we determined the d18O signatures of net soil CO2 fluxes from soil chamber measurements in a Mediterranean forest. Over the 3 days of measurements, the observed d18O signatures of net soil CO2 fluxes became progressively enriched with a well-characterized diurnal cycle. Model simulations indicated that the d18O signatures recorded the interplay of two effects: (1) progressive enrichment of water in the upper soil by evaporation, and (2) catalytic acceleration of the isotopic exchange between CO2 and soil water, amplifying the contributions of ‘atmospheric invasion’ to net signatures. We conclude that there is a need for better understanding of the role of enzymatic reactions, and hence soil biology, in determining the contributions of soil fluxes to oxygen isotope signals in atmospheric CO2.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/5622
ISSN: 1354-1013
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