Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/5397
Título: Geographic variation among iberian communities of the exotic halophyte Cotula coronopifolia
Autor: Costa, José Carlos
Neto, C.
Arsénio, P.
Capelo, J.
Palavras-chave: Iberian Peninsula
pioneer vegetation
salt marshes
Data: 2009
Editora: Swiss Botanical Society
Citação: "Botanica Helvetica". ISSN 0253-1453. 119 (2009) 53-61
Resumo: The exotic annual forb Cotula coronopifolia has locally invaded salt marsh communities naturally dominated by Spergularia marina along large parts of the Iberian coastline. While the floristic composition of C. coronopifolia dominated communities on the Atlantic coast of northern Portugal has already been described, this information was missing for the southern part of the country. We carried out a phytosociological study at 21 sites along the south-western and southern coast of mainland Portugal to determine the ecology and syntaxonomical status of these communities, and to compare them to the Atlantic ones. Plant communities co-dominated by C. coronopifolia and S. marina were generally found in the sub-halophilous inner part of salt marshes. They occupied gaps within taller perennial vegetation (Juncus maritimus formations), such as small pools temporarily inundated with brackish waters. Southern communities differed from the northern ones by the high abundance of Triglochin barrelieri and the absence of salt-intolerant species that are present in the Atlantic communities. This difference may result from the drier summer climate in southern regions, leading to intense water evaporation and thus, more saline conditions. We propose to classify the Mediterranean communities in a new association, the Cotulo coronopifoliae– Triglochinetum barrelieri. High abundance of Limonium diffusum further allowed the distinction of a new subassociation limonietosum diffusi for the southernmost part of Portugal. Results show that invasive exotic plants can form new phytosociological associations with a characteristic species composition, but that these community types, despite being dominated by the same invader, still show ecological and geographical differentiation.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/5397
ISSN: 0253-1453
Versão do Editor: DOI: 10.1007/s00035-009-0056-2
Aparece nas colecções:DRAT - Artigos de Revistas

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