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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/4665

Title: Extractability of aluminium and forms in solution of soils derived from granite in Portugal
Other Titles: Alumínio extraível e formas de AL na solução de solos derivados de rocha granitica em Portugal
Authors: Auxtero, Edgardo
Madeira, Manuel
Keywords: aluminium
organic carbon
soil solution
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: SCAP
Citation: "Revista de Ciências Agrárias". ISSN 0871-018x. 34 (1) (2011) 65-79
Abstract: Extractable aluminium (Al) was determined in surface and subsurface horizons of eleven pedons derived from granite occurring in Portugal, under a wide range of precipitation. Five successive extractions with 1 M KCl, 0.5 M CuCl2 and 0.33 M LaCl3 were used. Monomeric (Alm) and organic (Alorg) forms of Al in the soil solution, extracted at field capacity, were also determined. Amounts of extracted Al were greatest with the 0.5 M CuCl2 and lowest with the 1 M KCl. These amounts showed strong positive correlation with soil organic C contents. Soil horizons having high contents (56-80 g kg-1) of organic C showed the highest amount of extractable Al by the 0.5 M CuCl2 (12.2-30.9 cmolc kg-1). Organically bound Al extracted by the 0.5 M CuCl2 and 0.33 M LaCl3 was also highest in these soils (7.6-10.1 and 4.7-8.3 cmolc kg-1, respectively). In contrast, lowest amounts of Al extracted by the 1 M KCl, 0.5 M CuCl2 and 0.33 M LaCl3 (0.9-4.3, 4.1-17.1 and 2.2-7.2 cmolc kg-1, respectively) were observed in horizons containing low organic C content (3-22 g kg-1). Concentrations of total (AlT), monomeric (Alm) and organic (Alorg) Al in the soil solution of studied soils also increased with increasing soil organic C content, but only Alm was significantly correlated with soil organic C content. Solution of soils having low organic C contents (3-6 g kg-1) showed the lowest concentrations of AlT, Alm and Alorg (0.09-1.60, 0.06-0.38 and 0.03-1.29 μg mL-1, respectively). In contrast, the concentrations of AlT (7.1-17.2 μg mL-1), Alm (0.8-0.9 μg mL-1), and Alorg (7.6-16.9 μg mL-1) were much higher in soils containing high amounts of organic C (37-73 g kg-1). In order to monitor the effects of Al in the soil and quality of sub-superficial water, changes in the concentration of monomeric forms of Al and their activities in the soil solution need further study
Peer Reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/4665
ISSN: 0871-018x
Appears in Collections:DRAT - Artigos de Revistas

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