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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2641

Title: Use of organic residues in the recovery of organic matter pools, after forest fires
Authors: Cordovil, C.
Varennes, A.
Fernandes, R.C.
Keywords: forest soil
forest fire
organic residues
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Cordovil, C. e Ferreira, L.
Abstract: In Portugal, as in other Mediterranean countries, fire events are common primarily due to climate and progressive rural abandon, and contribute largely to desertification. Top layers of soil are constituted mostly by organic residues and decomposed organic matter, and are the most sensitive layers to fire damages. Soil organic matter is an important factor on physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Quantity and duration of heat transfer and soil thermal conductivity, which varies according to soil conditions (humidity, organic matter, texture, etc), are the main responsible factors for the more or less physical, chemical and biological changes in soil after fire (Neary et al,1999). A soil temperature of only forty degrees is enough to initiate biological changes that may begin with plant and roots death caused by dehydration, and protein degradation. Microbial populations have different thermal resistances and most are killed between 50 and 120 ºC. Organic matter (OM) losses may occur at low temperatures, through the volatilization of volatile compounds which may occur between 100º and 180 ºC or OM distillation at 200 to 315 ºC (DeBanno et al, 1998). Under 200 ºC, decomposition of resistant compounds as hemicelullose and lignin starts (Chandler et al, 1983, cit by González-Pérez et al, 2004). At 300 ºC, decarboxylation and loss of Oxigen-containing functional groups (as phenols) occur in the Humic (HA) and Fulvic acids (FA) (Knoepp, 2005). Humin content increases, due to formation of aromatic compounds, because the more soluble fraction, the FA fraction, is transformed into insoluble acids like HA, and this last ones suffer dehydratation and decarboxylation, becoming insoluble – Black Carbon – resembling the Humin fraction (González-Pérez et al, 2004, Tinoco et al, 2006, Hatten and Zabowski, 2009). Above 450 ºC, all OM is loss. The main purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of soil heating in forest soils, using a natural burned (B) and an unburned (U) soils and thermally treated soils at different temperatures (65, 105 and 250ºC). Further, we examined the benefic effects of application of organic residues to soils that had been exposed to fire, we added digested pig slurry, municipal solid waste compost and a mixture of both, and evaluated organic matter composition after 2 months of incubation.
Description: RAMIRAN International Conference
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2641
ISBN: 978-972-8669-47-8
Appears in Collections:DQAA - Comunicações em Actas de Conferências

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