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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2611

Title: Assessment of CO2 emissions during acidification, storage and after incorporation to soil of pig slurry
Authors: Fangueiro, D.
Gusmão, M.
Surgy, S.
Cabral, F.
Keywords: pig slurry
soil incorporation
carbon dioxide
acidification
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Cordovil, C. e Ferreira, L.
Abstract: Large amounts of pig slurry are produced each year in Portugal leading to environmental problems such as water and air pollution. Previous studies have reported that livestock production is the main source of anthropogenic ammonia (NH3) emissions in Europe (Kai et al., 2008) and an important source of greenhouse gases (Weiske and Petersen, 2006). Effluent treatment has been promoted to improve slurry management and to reduce its environmental impact (Sommer and Hutchings, 2001, Fangueiro et al., 2008a). Solid-liquid separation of slurry is a useful tool at the farm level producing valuable fractions, a liquid that can be used for direct fertilisation and a solid fraction that can be composted (Fangueiro et al., 2008b). Alternatively, acidification of slurry has been proposed to reduce ammonia (NH3) emissions during storage and field application (Kai et al., 2008). Previous works (Misselbrook et al., 2005; Fangueiro et al., 2008a) reported that higher NH3 emissions occurred during storage of liquid fraction of slurry or manure with low dry matter content, probably due to a reduced crust formation that decreases NH3 emissions. Hence, acidification of the liquid fraction of slurry is strongly recommended. Slurry acidification is common practice in The Netherlands and Denmark (Schils et al., 1999; Eriksen et al., 2008) but this technology still needs to be improved to avoid hazards. It is expected that this technology will be used in more countries since the European Directive (2001/81/CE) demands a decrease of atmospheric pollutants such as NH3: targets for lower NH3 emissions have been already set in Spain (Castrillon et al., 2009). Nevertheless, the acidification process leads to significant carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions (Vandré and Clemens, 1997). Such CO2 release is problematic when a closed system of slurry acidification is used (when acidified slurry is flushed back to pig houses) since it may lead to foam formation (Vandré and Clemens, 1997; Borst, 2001). Nevertheless, Fangueiro et al. (2010) reported that acidification of slurry or derived fractions led to a decrease in CO2 emissions following soil addition relative to non acidified materials. The aim of the present work was to measure the CO2 emissions during the acidification process of the liquid fraction of pig slurry and its subsequent impact during storage and after soil incorporation.
Description: RAMIRAN International Conference
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2611
ISBN: 978-972-8669-47-8
Appears in Collections:DQAA - Comunicações em Actas de Conferências

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