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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2581

Title: Citizens' Freedom to Choose Representatives: Ballot Structure, Proportionality and "Fragmented" Parliaments
Authors: Pereira, Paulo T.
Silva, João Andrade e
Keywords: Ballot structure
Electoral index
Freedom to choose
Personal vote
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: ISEG – Departamento de Economia
Citation: Pereira, Paulo T. e João Andrade e Silva. 2007. "Citizens' Freedom to Choose Representatives: Ballot Structure, Proportionality and "Fragmented" Parliaments". Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão - DE Working papers nº 13-2007/DE/UECE/CEMAPRE
Series/Report no.: DE Working papers;nº 13-2007/DE/UECE/CEMAPRE
Abstract: The analysis of the political consequences of electoral laws has emphasized how individual characteristics of the electoral system (electoral formulas, district magnitude, ballot structure) affect the degree of parliament "fragmentation" and proportionality. This paper argues that the personal attributes of representatives are also an important consequence of electoral laws, and that they are in part determined by citizens' freedom to choose representatives. We clarify this concept and develop an index of citizens' freedom to choose members of parliament as a function of the ballot structure, district size and electoral formulae. Using data from twenty nine countries, we find that neither proportionality nor the effective number of parties is significantly affected by voters' freedom of choice. This result has important normative implications for electoral reform.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2581
ISSN: 0874-4548
Publisher version: https://aquila1.iseg.utl.pt/aquila/getFile.do?method=getFile&fileId=26484
Appears in Collections:CEMAPRE - Documentos de Trabalho / CEMAPRE - Working Papers
UECE - Documentos de Trabalho / UECE - Working Papers
DE - Documentos de trabalho / Working Papers

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