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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2529

Title: As vantagens competitivas do sector da cortiça em Portugal. Evolução de 1994 a 2003
Authors: Freitas, Davide Manuel da Silva Diogo
Advisor: Noéme, Carlos José de Almeida
Keywords: cork oak
cork
competitive advantages
cluster
sobreiro
cortiça
vantagens competitivas
cluster
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: This work has as its starting point the Porter report on the competitiveness of the Portuguese, published in 1994 that identified the cork sector as a cluster of our economy, identifying the same for a huge competitive advantage. In this report are defined a set of initiatives for action in order to enhance those same competitive advantages, creating the Diamond level of competitiveness of the sector a set of interconnections, which increase the strength of this sector, both in terms of their importance in national economy still at the relative weight of Portugal in the international context of the business. The Portuguese cork industry is an export sector par excellence, and our country are the leading producer, processor and exporter of cork and its products, finding as final consumers in particular countries producers and bottlers of wine and some countries where the cork has a positive image us a material used in construction. The cork oak is the second species in forest area, occupying nearly a quarter of the forest area of Portugal, is the country that in the world has a greater area of cork oak, is the world's largest producer of cork and the largest processor and supplier of cork products. Is commonly considered a key sector of the Portuguese economy, the level of the economic analysis to the sector has hardly begun, with a series of studies to characterize the sector in a manner satisfactory to the level of their technical and technological variables, but an inadequate bibliography in terms of economics and competitiveness of the sector. Under these assumptions, it is intended to assess how this thesis is that this sector has evolved in the period since before the Porter report, and after 10 years of that report. This assessment is mainly intended to quantify and measure the evolution of the main qualitative and quantitative variables in terms of primary production (raw materials), industrial production (intermediate and final) and national and international trade of cork products. It is intended to implement the main indicators of competitiveness, to measure changes in the competitive sector, while through a literature review, statistical and the application of a direct survey of industrial cork, assess how it is that companies have applied and used the dynamic factors of competitiveness to amplify the natural competitive advantages in this sector in Portugal. We also analyzed a set of initiatives for action on key competitiveness factors, such as, quality, innovation, research and development and training. The purpose of this study was to validate these changes and positioning conditioned the competitiveness of the sector in Portugal, which have evolved as the macroeconomic and sectorial indicators, and the way in which the various sector actors have interacted to catalyze these competitive advantages. We conclude that there is a structure in the primary well-organized, with a structure downstream clearly stratified and schematic, which allows you to enjoy the best of the different types and qualities of cork. All economic indicators point to study a positive development of such indicators in the period considered, pointing to the fact that the sector has increased in this period, as shown by the significant vi increase in the ratio of productivity, the growth of fixed assets, value of production, the gross value added, sales value and the reduction of the staff costs to sales. Analyzing the data of international trade, it appears that this is an unequivocal product of an exchange, although this fact has declined in recent years with increasing weight of imports compared to exports, however, remain much higher than the former. The cork industry in Portugal has significantly increased the value and volume of their exports and cork has, however, also increased, and significantly, the volume and value of its imports of raw materials. It should be stressed that exports of cork, rose sharply their relative rates compared to the year 1994, growing larger in value than in quantity. A potential disadvantage of the current situation of Portuguese cork exports, relates to a concentration of its export destinations, with the top ten importing countries represent approximately 80% of total Portuguese exports, a figure that has remained constant in the series considered, but that shows that any fluctuations, international crises centered on one or a number of these countries can severely constrain the results of the business. For imports of cork, which are mainly raw materials for industrial use by the Portuguese, they grew significantly in terms of quantity, but mainly in terms of value, giving an indication of the growing dependency on the Portuguese industrial raw material produced in other producing markets, including Spain and the Maghreb. This could be very harmful to the national economy by the instability of some of the traditional North African countries, either by the growth of the industrial fabric of Spain, that this growth process may make the prices of raw materials from Spain and affecting in considerably the capacity to supply the domestic industry in view of their installed capacity. However, observing the revealed comparative advantage of the business in Portugal, it appears that these are significant, and that the relationship between exports and imports increased during the period considered both in terms of quantity, both in terms of value. Based on economic data, particularly in international trade data, we can consider that the sector in Portugal, not only has strong comparative advantage compared to other countries, as these competitive advantages have grown significantly since the passage of the Porter report until the year 2003.
Description: Mestrado em Engenharia Agronómica - Economia Agrária e Gestão do Território - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2529
Appears in Collections:BISA - Dissertações de Mestrado / Master Thesis

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