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|Título:||O Projecto INTERFRUTA II e o estudo dos problemas fitossanitários das fruteiras dos Açores|
|Outros títulos:||The INTERFRUTA II project and the study of phytossanitary problems that affect Azorean fruit orchards and vineyards|
Raimundo Perez, C.
|Palavras-chave:||árvore de fruto|
|Editora:||APH - Associação Portuguesa de Horticultura|
|Relatório da Série N.º:||Actas Portuguesas de Horticultura;11|
|Resumo:||The INTERFRUTA project is financed by the European Commission Interreg III-B Programme and was developed for the islands of “Madeira”, “Tenerife” and “Terceira”, for the improvement of fruit and vineyard production in these three Atlantic regions. The project goal is a better knowledge of the phytossanitary problems that affect apples, bananas, chestnut and vineyards, applying methods that will contribute to solutions based on the survey of key pests, diseases and beneficial organisms. In the three fruit crops and vineyards analyzed, the methodology used was mainly direct observation of predefined parts of each plant (such as leaves and flowers) on which pests might be expected to occur. The key pest C. capitata was monitored as adults using sexual lures in a net of traps around the island of “Terceira” up to 200 meters altitude. The beneficial insect survey was conducted using the beating technique. For diseases, a direct sampling was carried out by the observation of 10 % of the plants in each orchard or vineyard plot looking for visible symptoms. In apples and vineyards, flowers and branches were collected and tested for microorganisms using serologic and molecular techniques (Elisa and PCR). In banana plantations, the most damaging pests were banana weevil, thrips and a fungi complex that causes symptoms similar to Fusarium wilt. In chestnut, the pest that causes the most severe damage, affecting around 40 % of the nuts produced, is the Chestnut tortrix, but there were some difficulties in identifying which of the three known species was present in the Azores islands. In vineyards, diseases that are most frequent and important include grapevine downy mildew, powdery mildew and Botrytis. Invertebrate pests included grape leafhoppers, thrips and eriophyid mites. The European vine moth was also surveyed but none were found and is still not present. In apple orchards the most important problems were thrips, mites, oriental fruit moth and codling moth. Anarsia lineatella Zeller, the peach twig borer, was not detected and new Eriophyid species have been recorded for the first time in the Azores as a result of the surveys. With the information collected it was possible to create a phytossanitary diagnostic database for the Macaronesian islands (PROFITOMAC) on the project internet pages (www.interfruta.uac.pt), to help users to identify problems that affect the studied cultures.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||SPI - Comunicações em Actas de Conferências|
Ficheiros deste registo:
|REP-Actas Portuguesas de Horticultura 55.pdf||298,98 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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