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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2066

Title: International firms, national managers: the obstacles to migration of highly skilled labour in transnational corporations
Authors: Peixoto, João
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: ISEG - SOCIUS
Citation: Peixoto, João. 1999. "International firms, national managers: the obstacles to migration of highly skilled labour in transnational corporations". Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão – SOCIUS Working papers nº 4/1999
Series/Report no.: SOCIUS Working papers;4/1999
Abstract: It is a widely known phenomenon that labour is one of the less mobile factors of production. National and cultural differences among populations, the ever-present risks of migration (the rupture with local ties, both the personal and the job-related ones) and political resistance to mobility (more acute, at present, from the receiving societies) are the most cited reasons for the inertia of labour movements. We must admit that this kind of constraints seems to apply mainly to low and medium skilled workers, which represent the most important groups of international migrants nowadays. We could argue that, by contrast, the highly skilled segments can be exempted fromthis resistance, and constitute the most mobile portion of the labour force. If we consider, particularly, those moving within the framework of transnational corporations, their relatively scarce skills, particular condition in face of the labour markets (organisational careers), and the fact that they represent not only themselves but also the capital flows to which they are associated, suggest its greater fluidity in migration terms. In reality, the number of highly skilled migrants moving within the organisational structure of transnational corporations is still very low. As a result, the proportion of "national" staff continues to be dominant in local branches of transnational corporations. The clear trend to growth that indeed exists is faced with a number of powerful obstacles to mobility. These cover a wide array of variables: economic and financial, political and juridical, social and cultural, labour markets related or individual and familial ones. The most important increase in mobility thus seems to happen with business travels (short-term) and not with the classical migrant (long-term) flows.
Description: Paper presented to ESRI Thematic Research Workshop on Economic Actors, National Systems and International Contexts, September 21-24, 1999, Copenhagen, Denmark (draft version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/2066
Publisher version: http://pascal.iseg.utl.pt/~socius/publicacoes/wp/wp499.pdf
Appears in Collections:SOCIUS - Documentos de Trabalho / SOCIUS - Working Papers

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