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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/1605

Title: A fileira de produção de cacau biológico. O exemplo da São Tomé e Príncipe
Authors: Soares, Zélia Maria Gonçalves
Advisor: Correia, Augusto Manuel Nogueira Gomes
Keywords: Theobroma cacao
organic cocoa
organic farming
agrarian reform
agricultura biológica
cacau biológico
reforma agrária
São Tomé e Príncipe
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: Throughout the world, it can be observed an increased demand for organic products. This is due to the fact that consumers, mainly those from industrialized countries, are more concerned with the products quality and the environment. In fact, nowadays it is accepted that organic production privileges the biodiversity, the respect for nature, the crops diversification, the soils maintenance and the production system independence related to the use of fertilizers and pesticides of chemical synthesis. This products’ higher price to the consumer restricts, in a certain way, its access to an elite with a high purchasing power. As compensation, the producers have a more profitable business opportunity, as the organic label allows them to sell the product at the market with a higher price. This fact can lead to an income and quality of life improvement, namely from producers of developing countries. Some farmers produce, as well, in conformity with the Fair Trade Organizations requirements. The labels combination, organic and fair trade, may improve the product expectations at the market. The cocoa production in São Tomé and Príncipe is constantly related to this country history. From colonial times to independence, continuing during Agrarian Reform and during the following rural restructuring programs, cocoa crop has always had a significant importance in what concerns export. The Organic Cocoa Production Row, included in PAPAFPA economical and innovative activities support component, appears as a way to improve the economical activities ofthe poorest rural populations, including its integration in new markets. Organic Cocoa is in a way, a crop that has given new development opportunities to São Tomé e Príncipe Archipelago producers. This crop’s organic production, has allowed the small farmer, from the Organic Cocoa Row support communities, to sell its production at higher prices, raising his income and, at the same time, to promote a conscience relating to the importance of local environment and natural flora. In the first semester of 2006 of the organic cocoa program, the number of supporter communities was of thirty three, twenty of them in São Tomé with a total of seven hundred and seventy farmers, and ten in the autonomous region of Príncipe with a total of one hundred and fifty-eight farmers. Of the twenty communities of São Tomé, seventeen were already at the exporting phase and the remaining three were at the conversion phase.The Ribeira Palma Sede and Ribeira Palma Praia communities were the two communities included in the study. They belong to the same Community Association, are geographically close and have both been part of the Organic Cocoa Row from the beginning of the program. Target of former studies, they became a natural choice in the attempt of trying to understand to what point there was an organizational and prosperity change related to the support of organic production. This work attempted to show more of the Organic Cocoa Row, trying to throw a light on the impact it has at a small producer level. By transforming these two communities into study cases, it was attempted to make a profile of the farmer and his satisfaction towards the program.
Description: Mestrado em Engenharia Agronómica - Produção Agrícola Tropical - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/1605
Appears in Collections:BISA - Dissertações de Mestrado / Master Thesis

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