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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/1451

Title: Fases portadoras do arsénio em solos da área mineira de São Domingos e em solos não contaminados do Pomarão e Serra do Caldeirão
Other Titles: Arsenic containing phases in soils from São Domingod mining area and in non-contaminated soils from Pomarão and Serra do Caldeirão
Authors: Abreu, Maria Manuela
Santos, E.C.
Magalhães, M.C.F.
Nabais, C.
Keywords: arsenic
soil
mining area
contamination
Issue Date: Jan-2009
Publisher: Sociedade de Ciências Agrárias de Portugal
Citation: "Revista de Ciências Agrárias". ISSN 0871-018X. 32:1 (2009) 155-169
Abstract: São Domingos mining area is located in the Iberian Pyrite Belt, in south-east Portugal. Intensive gossan gold, copper and silver mining was done in roman times. More recently, mining activities were concentrated in the copper, zinc, arsenic and lead rich sulfide orebodies. To evaluate arsenic hazard, soils developed on the gossan mine waste piles were analysed, using as reference non- contaminated soils from Pomarão (south east Portugal) and Serra do Caldeirão (south of Portugal). Soils were characterized by the classical methodologies for pH (H2O), particle size distribution, cation exchange capacity, Fe and Mn oxides, and mineralogy. The soils (fraction <2 mm) were analysed, for total concentrations of As, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn by instrumental neutron activation analysis after acid digestion and, for the concentration of As associated with the different soil phases (exchangeable complex, organic matter, total and non-crystalline Fe oxides and Mn oxides), by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometric after selective chemical extractions with appropriate reagents using the parallel method. São Domingos soils contain high levels of total As (1940-3030 mg kg-1) but the available fraction is very low (<0,02% from total) being lower than Pomarão and Serra do Caldeirão available fractions (respectively, 0,13 and 1% from total). Arsenic is mainly in the residual fraction of the soils of São Domingos mining area (91-94% of total) while in the Pomarão and Serra do Caldeirão reference soils arsenic is mainly associated with crystalline Fe oxides (respectively, 24 and 37% of total). The arsenates: carminite (Fe2Pb(AsO4)2(OH)2), mimetite (Pb5(AsO4)3Cl), segnitite (Fe3Pb(AsO4)(HAsO4)(OH)6), and seldom kankite (FeAsO4·3.5H2O) were identified in São Domingos soils. The low solubility of these solid phases can explain the low availability of arsenic present in these soils in spite of the high concentrations of total arsenic. The results show that, under the present physical-chemical conditions, arsenic in the soils of the São Domingos mine presents no environmental hazard.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/1451
ISSN: 0871-018X
Appears in Collections:DCA - Artigos de Revistas

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