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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/1136

Title: Rastreabilidade e gestão de incidentes numa fábrica de bolacha
Authors: Esteves, Carla Sofia Tomé Simões
Advisor: Sousa, Raul Bruno de
Gouveia, José Manuel Baptista
Keywords: segurança alimentar
rastreabilidade
gestão de incidentes
sector alimentar
food safety
traceability
incidents management
food industry
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: Food safety has been a growing concern within the European Union. The responsibility of the producers in order to ensure the supply of safe food to the population is constantly increasing. Some of the events that led to the implementation of traceability programs were incidents such as contamination with dioxins and BSE. These events had adverse impacts on markets worldwide. These events had their origin in the primary production sector. However, their harmful effects were only detected at the end of the food chain. This means that products without quality and safety were sold to consumers. After several crises related to food safety, was published, in January 2000, the White Paper on Food Safety. In this publication, the traceability of food, feed and its ingredients appears as the basis for the European food safety policy. As a result of the discussion around the White Paper on Food Safety, was elaborated Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002, in force since January 1st, 2005. This Regulation requires that any person involved in the supply chain should be able to identify the origin of all ingredients, and also the customers to whom the products were sold. Traceability is a legal requirement and a competitive tool that allows to track any food, feed, food-producing animal or substance intended to be, or expected to be incorporated into a food or feed, through all stages of production, processing and distribution. This work was elaborated in a food industry company that produces wafers. This study tried, in the first stage, to evaluate the existing traceability within the company, in order to detect eventual gaps. In a second stage, procedures were developed and implemented, in order to guarantee the efficiency of the traceability system, complemented with an Incident Management component. Finally, a test was made to check the efficiency of the implemented system. It revealed to be an instrument which is easy to consult and to understand, integrated in Quality Management and corresponding to legal requirements and consumers´ expectations. - RESUMO - No seguimento de diversas crises relacionadas com a Segurança Alimentar, foi publicado, em Janeiro de 2000, o Livro Branco sobre a Segurança dos Alimentos. Nesta publicação, a rastreabilidade dos alimentos para consumo humano e animal e seus ingredientes surge como o pilar mestre sobre o qual deveria assentar a política europeia de segurança alimentar. Resultante da discussão do Livro Branco sobre a Segurança dos Alimentos, foi elaborado o Regulamento (CE) n.º178/2002 de 28 de Janeiro, em vigor desde 1 de Janeiro de 2005. No seu artigo 18º, está expressa a obrigatoriedade de implementação da rastreabilidade. O presente trabalho foi realizado numa empresa do sector alimentar, produtora de bolacha. Este estudo pretendeu, numa primeira fase, avaliar o sistema de rastreabilidade existente na empresa, por forma a detectar eventuais lacunas. Numa segunda fase, foram desenvolvidas e implementadas acções de melhoria para garantir a total eficiência do sistema de rastreabilidade, complementadas por uma componente de gestão de incidentes. Por fim, foi feito um teste, para aferir a eficácia do sistema implementado. Este sistema manifestou-se uma ferramenta de fácil consulta e compreensão, integrada na gestão da garantia da qualidade, respondendo na íntegra às exigências legais e dos consumidores.
Description: Mestrado em Engenharia Alimentar - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/1136
Appears in Collections:BISA - Dissertações de Mestrado / Master Thesis

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