Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/9075
Título: Polyoxometalate catalyzed ozonation of chemical pulps in organic solvent media
Autor: Shatalov, Anatoly A.
Pereira, Helena
Palavras-chave: polyoxometalate
heteropolyanion
ozone
ozone bleaching
organic solvent
eucalypt kraft pulp
Data: 2009
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: "Chemical Engineering Journal". ISSN 1385-8947. 155 (2009) 380-387
Resumo: Polyoxometalate (POM) catalyzed ozonation of chemical pulps in organic solvent media was found to be particularly effective and selective environmentally benign bleaching approach providing a way for substantial increase in pulp brightness, viscosity and degree of delignification in comparison with other ozone-based bleaching techniques. A series of tested low-boiling polar aprotic and protic organic solvents showed awell-defined capacity for ozonation improvement in the presence of Keggin-type heteropolyanion [PMo7V5O40]8− (HPA-5). Even moderate solvent proportion of 6% (w/w) in the reaction solution caused additional gain in brightness up to 3.4% ISO with simultaneous increase in pulp viscosity up to 8.8% and lignin removal up to 18.9% after HPA-5 catalyzed ozonation (0.8% O3; 0.5mMHPA), as compared with the control solvent-free process. An aqueous acetone solutionwas found to be the preferred reaction medium in terms of pulp brightening and delignification. Under optimized conditions, the POM-catalyzed ozonation of eucalypt kraft pulp in acetone/water solution showed remarkable brightness improvement by 15.1% ISO with additional lignin removal by 39.4% and increase in intrinsic viscosity by 3% in comparison with pulp bleached in water media
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/9075
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2009.07.043
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