Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/9039
Título: Effects of soil management practices and irrigation on plant water relations and productivity of chestnut stands under Mediterranean conditions
Autor: Martins, A.
Raimundo, F.
Borges, O.
Linhares, I.
Sousa, V.
Coutinho, J.P.
Gomes-Laranjo, J.
Madeira, Manuel
Palavras-chave: agroforestry systems
Castanea sativa
crop tree irrigation
soil and plant water relations
soil tillage
soil water depletion
Data: 2010
Editora: Springer
Citação: "Plant Soil". ISSN 0032-079x. 327 (2010) 57-70
Resumo: The effects of different soil management practices and irrigation on plant water relations, physiological response and productivity of chestnut stands in Northeastern Portugal were assessed during four growing seasons (2003 to 2006). Treatments were: conventional soil tillage up to 15–20 cm depth with a tine cultivator thrice a year (CT); no tillage with spontaneous herbaceous vegetation (NV); no tillage with rainfed seeded pasture (NP); and no tillage with irrigated seeded pasture (NIP). Results suggest that soil water availability was the most critical parameter for chestnut productivity over the study period. In all treatments, high predawn leaf water potentials (-0.40 to -0.55 MPa) were observed during the dry seasons of 2003, 2004 and 2006, showing no critical conditions for plant productivity, which is ascribed to water availability in deep soil layers. In contrast, in 2005, an extremely dry year, water potentials decreased and varied from -1.46 to - 1.72 MPa in late summer, showing unfavourable conditions for nut production. Maintenance of spontaneous herbaceous vegetation without irrigation enhanced productivity of chestnut stands as compared with the conventional tillage system and the no tillage system with seeded pasture. Productivity in the soil watering system (NIP treatment) was not significantly different from that observed in the NV treatment. Therefore, studies on the irrigation strategy should be developed, in order to increase its efficiency especially in stands with young trees
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/9039
DOI: 10.1007/s11104-009-0031-0
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