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|Título:||Calandra lark habitat selection: strong fragmentation effects in a grassland specialist|
|Citação:||"Acta Oecologica". ISSN 1146-609X. 36(1) (2010) 63-73|
|Resumo:||Conserving grassland birds in farmed landscapes requires the maintenance of favourable agricultural land uses over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Here we examined the field and landscape-scale habitat requirements of the calandra lark (Melanocorypha calandra), an obligate grassland bird often associated with open Mediterranean farmland. Breeding and wintering lark densities were assessed in 42 fallowfields in southern Portugal, and related to three sets of variables reflecting field, landscape and neighbourhood effects. Variation partitioning was used to isolate the unique and shared contributions of sets of variables to explained variation in lark distribution and abundance models. At the field scale, the presence of trees and shrubs showed the strongest negative effects on calandra lark. At the landscape scale therewere strong positive response of larks to the amount and patch size of open farmland habitats, and negative responses, albeit weaker, to drainage and road densities. Calandra lark distribution and abundance was also positively related to that of conspecifics in surrounding fields, particularly in spring. Results suggest that calandra larks are highly sensitive to habitat fragmentation, requiring fallow fields with no shrubs or trees, embedded in large expanses of open farmland. This supports the view that grassland bird conservation in Mediterranean agricultural landscapes may require a combination of land-use regulations and agri-environment schemes preventing ongoing shrub encroachment and afforestation of marginal farmland.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CEABN - Artigos de Revista|
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