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|Título:||Agroforestry and the Afforestation Programme in the Republic of Ireland|
|Resumo:||The Forest Cover in Ireland had fallen to the seriously low level of 1% of the land mass by the turn of the twentieth century. A series of grant aided initiatives were put in place to increase this level. Currently the Irish forest cover is approximately 11%, while the EU average is around 34%. Since the late 1980s, afforestation in the Republic of Ireland has almost completely changed from public planting to private planting, Farmers are now the main contributors of land for afforestation. However, planting levels have fallen from 20,000 hectares to 7,000 hectares per annum, mainly due to environmental constraints, silvicultural suitability, competing agricultural systems and land availability. Agroforestry could be a way to help increase the current planting levels. In 2011, the Department of Agriculture started to investigate the potential of agroforestry. In 1989, pioneering trial plots were established in Northern Ireland by Dr Jim McAdam. One silvopastoral trial had potential for replication in the Republic. A suitable farm was sourced and a demonstration plot of 1.89 hectares was planted. This involved ash (Fraxinus excelsior) planted at 5 x 5 metre spacing and using tree shelters. The farmer grazed sheep in the early and late spring, then cut silage (50 large bales per annum) and hay (40small bales per annum) during the summer. The Republic of Ireland intends to have an agroforestry content in the new round of afforestation initiatives (2014 – 2020). This agroforestry system trialled in the Republic will be a useful starting point.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||EURAF - Posters|
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|REP-EURAF-Post-47_Eugene Curran.pdf||1,41 MB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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