Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/6995
Título: Wildfire selectivity for land cover type: does size matter ?
Autor: Barros, Ana M.G.
Pereira, J.M.C.
Palavras-chave: wildfire
land cover type
selectivity
Data: 2014
Editora: Gil Bohrer, The Ohio State University, USA
Citação: Barros AMG, Pereira JMC (2014) Wildfire Selectivity for Land Cover Type: Does Size Matter? PLoS ONE 9(1): e84760. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084760
Resumo: Previous research has shown that fires burn certain land cover types disproportionally to their abundance. We used quantile regression to study land cover proneness to fire as a function of fire size, under the hypothesis that they are inversely related, for all land cover types. Using five years of fire perimeters, we estimated conditional quantile functions for lower (avoidance) and upper (preference) quantiles of fire selectivity for five land cover types - annual crops, evergreen oak woodlands, eucalypt forests, pine forests and shrublands. The slope of significant regression quantiles describes the rate of change in fire selectivity (avoidance or preference) as a function of fire size. We used Monte-Carlo methods to randomly permutate fires in order to obtain a distribution of fire selectivity due to chance. This distribution was used to test the null hypotheses that 1) mean fire selectivity does not differ from that obtained by randomly relocating observed fire perimeters; 2) that land cover proneness to fire does not vary with fire size. Our results show that land cover proneness to fire is higher for shrublands and pine forests than for annual crops and evergreen oak woodlands. As fire size increases, selectivity decreases for all land cover types tested. Moreover, the rate of change in selectivity with fire size is higher for preference than for avoidance. Comparison between observed and randomized data led us to reject both null hypotheses tested (a = 0.05) and to conclude it is very unlikely the observed values of fire selectivity and change in selectivity with fire size are due to chance.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/6995
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084760
Versão do Editor: www.plosone.org
Aparece nas colecções:DRAT - Artigos de Revistas

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