Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/6971
Título: Optimization of the humification process during composting and recovery evaluation of the humic-like substances
Autor: Silva, Maria Elisabete Ferreira
Orientador: Queda, Ana Cristina Ferreira da Cunha
Nunes, Olga Cristina Pastor
Lemos, Luis Eugénio Pinto Teixeira
Palavras-chave: bioavailability
compost
heavy metals
humic-like substances
recovery
Data de Defesa: 2013
Editora: ISA
Citação: Silva, M.E.F. - Optimization of the humification process during composting and recovery evaluation of the humic-like substances. Lisboa: ISA, 2013, 117 p.
Resumo: This work aimed to contribute to the knowledge about the formation of humic-like substances (HS-like) during composting and to assess the recovery of these substances from commercial compost with low quality. Several mixtures with raw materials of known composition (wheat flour, dog food) were composted. First, it was studied the influence of mild solvents, sodium and potassium pyrophosphate, in the yield and characteristics of extracted HS-like, as well as in the coextraction of heavy metals from compost. Secondly, it was assessed the influence of raw materials, presence of bulking agent and initial C/N ratio on the humification during composting. Third, commercial composts were used as HS-like source. In all phases, composts and HS-like were characterized using the conventional physical, chemical, stability and maturity parameters. The fractionation of heavy metals was also determined. Results showed that potassium pyrophosphate can be used advantageously for the HS-like extraction. During composting the HS-like content were influenced by presence of carbon rich raw materials and the initial C/N ratio, being their production independently of the composts quality. The HS-like produced from commercial composts showed low level of co-extracted heavy metals, however, the presence of Cu, Cr and Pb can influence negatively their composition.
Descrição: Doutoramento em Engenharia do Ambiente - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/6971
Aparece nas colecções:BISA - Teses de Doutoramento / Doctoral Thesis

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