Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/596
Título: Balanço energético e coeficientes culturais em Pyrus communis L. cv. 'Rocha'
Autor: Conceição, Nuno Miguel Santos da
Orientador: Ferreira, Maria Isabel Ribeiro
Paço, Maria Teresa Afonso do
Palavras-chave: pera Rocha
pyrus communis
evapotranspiração
evapotranspiration
fluxo de seiva
sap flow
balanço energético
energy balance
coberto esparso
sparce vegetation
programação da rega
irrigation scheduling
Data de Defesa: 2007
Resumo: The experimental work, on the water use of a pear orchard (Pyrus communis cv. ‘Rocha’), took place in the region of Oeste, Portugal (lat. 39º 28’ N, long. 9º 7’ W), during the growth periods of 2004 and 2007. Measurements of sensible and latent heat (evapotranspiration - ETec), obtained with the eddy covariance technique, and other energy balance components, took place in 2004 (12 days in August) and in 2007 (43 days from June to September). In 2007, sap flux was also measured, using the Granier method (from May to September), as well as the radial profile of sap flux velocity, using a heat pulse method (compensation technique). The Granier sensors have been built with innovative technical improvements, aiming at the measurement of temperature natural gradients in real time, simultaneously with sap flow measurements. Using transpiration results (calculated as the difference between ETec and soil evaporation obtained with lysimeters) and sap flow measurements it was possible to calibrate the Granier method. The following function was obtained: 1.958 1 154 10 5 + − = × × i i u K , where ui is the sap flux density [m3.m-2.s-1] and Ki+1 is the flux index. As a result of the calibration performed, a seasonal variation of transpiration could be obtained, with a mean value of 1,1 mm.day-1 in 2007, corresponding to an average basal crop coefficient of 0.32, with a minimum in May (0.25) and a maximum in August (0.37). Considering the soil evaporation component and the understorey transpiration, a crop coefficient of 0.6 was obtained in 2004 and 0.7 in 2007, clearly below the tabled values. Key-words: evapotranspiration, irrigation scheduling, sap flow, Pyrus communis L. cv. ‘Rocha’, energy balance, sparse vegetation
Descrição: Mestrado em Agricultura e Horticultura Sustentáveis - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/596
Aparece nas colecções:BISA - Dissertações de Mestrado / Master Thesis



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