Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/4281
Título: Evaluation of minimally processed salads commercialized in Portugal
Autor: Santos, M.I.
Cavaco, A.
Gouveia, J.
Novais, M.R.
Nogueira, P.J.
Pedroso, L.
Ferreira, M.A.S.S.
Palavras-chave: minimally processed salads
bacterial pathogens
sensory analysis
quality evaluation
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: "Food Control". ISSN 0956-7135. 23 (2012) 275-281
Resumo: During the last decades food borne outbreaks associated with consumption of raw vegetables have been increasing and green leafy vegetables seem to be the most frequently implicated products. In order to determine the microbial quality and the incidence of the major food borne pathogens in Minimally Processed (MP) salads commercialized in Portugal, a survey was conducted in Lisbon Retail Markets, from July 2007 to August 2008, to determine microbial contamination loads and identify potential pathogenic bacteria. A total of 151 samples were purchased from 2 supermarkets: 38 romaine lettuce, 12 various spinach and 101 mixed salads with three or four different ingredients. The samples were tested for aerobic psychotropic micro-organisms (APM), Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli, Listeria spp., presumptive Bacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila and Clostridium perfringens counts as well as for presence of Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes and E. coli O157. Samples were also evaluated for taste quality. The results showed that APM counts of romaine lettuce and mixed salads had a similar median, respectively, 6.2 and 6.5 log cfu/g and mixed spinach had the highest one (7.6 log cfu/g). The median value found for Enterobacteriaceae was 5.44 log cfu/g. Only four samples showed positive result for E. coli (2.65%) but just one (0.8%) had a slightly higher load of contamination. Although the percentage and levels of contamination loads were low, these mustn’t be ignored, for the reason that the strains in three of the samples belong to VTEC group (1.99%). E. coli O157, Salmonella spp. and C. perfringens weren’t detected in any sample. For the enumeration of Listeria spp., two samples (1.32%) had presence of Listeria innocua and L. monocytogenes had an incidence of 0.66%. A. hydrophila was identified in 11 samples (7.28%), and in 8 of them with considerable counts (>105). Contamination with B. cereus was found in 22.7% of samples analyzed, though in small numbers, which doesn’t represent a major concern to food safety. All isolated strains were assessed for its potential toxin production and it was found that 40% of these strains had this ability. Results from sensory panel showed organoleptic differences in salads during its shelf-life period
Descrição: Available at ScienceDirect
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/4281
ISSN: 0965-7135
Versão do Editor: www.elsevier.com/locate/foodcont
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