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Title: Economic performance and government size
Author: Afonso, António
Jalles, João Tovar
Keywords: growth
fiscal rules
pooled mean group
common correlate deffects
Issue Date: Nov-2011
Publisher: Banco Central Europeu
Citation: Afonso, António e João Tovar Jalles. 2011. "Economic performance and government size". European Central Bank – ECB working paper series nº 1399
Series/Report no.: ECB working paper series;nº 1399
Abstract: We construct a growth model with an explicit government role, where more government resources reduce the optimal level of private consumption and of output per worker. In the empirical analysis, for a panel of 108 countries from 1970-2008, we use different proxies for government size and institutional quality. Our results, consistent with the presented growth model, show a negative effect of the size of government on growth. Similarly, institutional quality has a positive impact on real growth, and government consumption is consistently detrimental to growth. Moreover, the negative effect of government size on growth is stronger the lower institutional quality, and the positive effect of institutional quality on growth increases with smaller governments. The negative effect on growth of the government size variables is more mitigated for Scandinavian legal origins, and stronger at lower levels of civil liberties and political rights. Finally, for the EU, better overall fiscal and expenditure rules improve growth.
ISSN: 1725-2806
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Appears in Collections:DE - Documentos de trabalho / Working Papers

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