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Title: Programas de ajustamento estrutural, produção agrícola e segurança alimentar na África Sub-Sahariana: caso específico de S. Tomé e Principe
Other Titles: Stuctural adjustment program, agricultural production and food security in Sub-Saharian Africa: specific case of S. Tomé e Principe
Author: Espírito Santo, Severino Neto
Advisor: Carvalho, Bernardo Pacheco
Keywords: food security
structural adjustment program
market functioning
land distribution
family units
environmental impact
segurança alimentar
programa de ajustamento estrutural
funcionamento de mercado
unidades familiares
impacto ambiental
S. Tomé e Principe
Defense Date: 2008
Abstract: The impact of the implementation of the Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) caused profound changes in the society of S. Tomé and Principe. This work addresses the study of food security and it’s interdependence with the SAP. In this context we study the technological and institutional changes in production systems, consumption of foods, and agricultural and food markets. The study focuses on the effects of the first decade after the implementation of SAP and their evolution. In the early chapters we define the objectives, priorities and areas of research, methods and methodology, including the main hypotheses to be tested and development model to be used. Throughout the work we show the effects of implementing SAP in macroeconomic indicators (GDP, demographics, inflation, index of consumer prices, trade balance and payment). Food security was studied, including consumption trends, the nutritional status and functioning of markets. The most consumed products by the population and the major food and nutritional needs were identified. It was shown a significant positive impact on food security at family level, with local production improvement. Finally, considerations were made towards improving quality of the life of the population, and towards the definition of food and development policies more adjusted to the reality of the country.
Description: Doutoramento em Engenharia Agronómica - Instituto Superior de Agronomia
Appears in Collections:BISA - Teses de Doutoramento / Doctoral Thesis

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